Refract
Release date: September 1, 2023
Label: Red Hook Records

Digital meets analog on Refract - the remarkable new trio album by electronic musician and tape loop specialist BlankFor.ms, MacArthur fellow pianist Jason Moran and innovative drummer Marcus GilmoreRefract is an uninhibited sonic marvel that combines electronics, piano, and drums in real time. By spontaneously recording loops grabbed on the fly and re-infusing the sonic planes with various effects, the results borne on Refract are sounds and energies rarely heard before.

Tyler Gilmore, aka BlankFor.ms, is a highly respected and unique artist known for richly textured, emotive music created from his rare collection of degraded tapes, analog synthesizers and an old spinet piano. In a way, his whole artistic life - thus far - has led up to this moment. “I’ve lived a few musical lives at this point,” reflects Tyler. He began his career as a large ensemble jazz composer, attending New England Conservatory and studying with Moran, while concurrently fostering an interest in electronic music. “I had always loved electronic music and found myself trying to mimic electric textures in orchestrations. Eventually I decided to simply go to the source and work with electronic tools, first improvising with people using DAW-based delays, harmonizers, reverbs, and feedback. But it was really the discovery of cassette tape as a creative medium that spurred my electronic creations into something more.” This analog electric aesthetic captivated the interest of producer Sun Chung, who upon hearing Tyler’s work, proposed the idea of an album pairing him with improvisers - an idea Tyler called both “thrilling” and “terrifying”.

From the onset, Jason Moran seemed to be the most natural fit. “In the time I’ve spent with Jason, first as a student and then arranging and orchestrating for a few of his projects, I was always in awe of his receptiveness to the present moment… he has an almost aggressive ability to listen and take everything in, and a faith that were was more to find if he were to listen even further,” says Tyler. “The idea of combining my electronic vocabulary with [Jason’s] playing was terribly inspiring. I had no idea, literally no idea, how he would play when confronted with tape loops, or feedback resonances, or harmonized and twisted loops of what he’s just played.” With Marcus Gilmore, it was even more mysterious. Tyler and Sun agreed that a percussive presence was necessary for the album to work and again, Marcus was the ideal candidate.

Sun and Tyler went through a significant pre-production period before recording. Tyler prepped a few different pathways for the trio and tried to remain unattached to whichever branch might bear the most fruit. He prepared composed pieces (with melodies and chords), musical sketches with lots of runway, and various tape loops that could serve as a jumpoff point for improvisation. “Each composition served as a starting point,” Jason Moran reflects. “Tyler’s ability to mine the song as it was being made created another dimension. It felt more like part of our music reality was being refracted back to us. In that way, intentionality was especially important, because any moment could come flooding back exponentially bigger.” Refract marks the first time Jason has ever worked with an electronic musician and fulfills a long-held desire for the Grammy nominated artist. “I have always longed for an outside force to manipulate my piano song and drag the sound into a cistern filled with soft clay.”

Album highlights “Affectionate, Painful” and “Inward, Curve” came from more composed ideas, while the album opener “Onset I”, “Onset II” and “Stir” were the result of an open-ended framework. On the various tape loop improvisations, the trio really takes flight. Tyler left all of his prepared tape loops unlabeled so that they wouldn’t know which was which when they began. “The improvisations resulting from this process were some of the best moments of the session,” says Tyler. “Jason and Marcus were sublime in their ability to instantly compose in, out, and around the loops. I was improvising using effects pedals, modular devices, and tape machines, and I had a feed of the piano and drums flowing into my effects. I was creating textures, gestures, motifs out of what they played. I often found myself trying to grab the interesting moments and silently hold them (bent, reversed, granulated, delayed) waiting and listening for a natural pivot moment to reintroduce them.”

Spontaneity was a major tenant of the session and instilled in every take. In fact, the mystery of “what would come out” was the driving creative force behind the entire project. “One of the aspects I love about this album is how interactive all the sonic elements are,” Sun Chung says. “A lot of it was recorded in real time, so there is a real sense of immediacy in the music’s energy that one can sense while listening.” Paired with some more of the through composed tracks, this 16-track program is an incredibly balanced and dynamic work.

“When Tyler was a student of mine at New England Conservatory, we would listen to a lot of electronic music and I recall asking how he would transpose these ideas to analog instruments,” Jason reflects. “In this way, this is his answer.”

Refract is the latest release from the adventurous Red Hook Records, which was founded in 2020 by Sun Chung after a decade-long tenure at ECM. “I love combining sonic worlds and genres - especially mixing electronics and acoustic.” Refract follows in the footsteps of Two Centuries, a daring collaboration between Wadada Leo Smith, Qasim Naqvi and Andrew Cyrille, released last year, which also combined electronic and acoustic instruments in a similarly magnificent way.

PHIL FREEMAN
STEREOGUM
"This three-way studio collaboration between pianist Jason Moran, electronic musician Blankfor.ms, and drummer Marcus Gilmore is a fascinating experiment that will confound almost every expectation a listener might bring to it." Check out the full article here.

 

MICHEAL TOLAND
THE BIG TAKE-OVER
"Though many of the sounds call back to forebears like GoGo Penguin and the Neck, the talent involved means the trio never quite sounds like anyone before." Check out the full article here.

 

ALEX DUTILH
RADIO FRANCE
 Check out the full article in French here.

 

MIKE HOBART
FINANCIAL TIMES
"There’s lashings of resonant, emotionally complex piano and the album is infused with the energy of an improvising jazz trio taking wing." Check out the full album review here.

 

MATT MICUCCI
JAZZIZ
Check out this Editors Choice feature here.

 

GIOVANNI RUSSONELLO
THE NEW YORK TIMES
"On “Refract,” their new album, the trio works across medium and style, with composed elements and prepared loops by Blankfor.ms sparking improvisations from his collaborators." Check out the full Playlist review here.

 

FRED CISTERNA
QOBUZ
"The auspicious result is an innovative, highly textured album that features both improvisation along with more composed material." Review here.

 

CRAIG L. BYRD
CULTURAL ATTACHE
"Any artist who can bring drummer Marcus Gilmore and pianist Jason Moran together to create a trio album has got to have something special." Check out this feature on the editors choice list here.

 

JIM HYNES
MAKING A SCENE
"With his creative and explorative reputation, Refract is the most daring recording project Moran has taken on yet and marks the first time he has worked with an electronic musician." Check the full review here.

 

STEPHEN GRAHAM
MARLBANK
"There's no sense of ''heard it all before'' here on this imaginative blending of elements." Read the review here.

 

PHILIP WATSON
THE WIRE
Check out the article on Red Hook Records in the September issue here.

 

DEE DEE MCNEIL
MUSICAL MEMOIRS
"If you are looking for music that is fresh, and jazz that is breaking through walls that once defined it, this is an album that will cause the senses to tickle, the mind to reflect, and the universe to open widely like a smile across your sky and lift you into passages and places never before explored." Read more here.

 

MORGAN ENOS
GRAMMY
"The seed of the project was with BlankFor.ms; producer Sun Chung had broached the idea that he work with leading improvisational minds. In the studio, BlankFor.ms acted on a refractory basis, his loops commenting on, shaping and warping Moran and Gilmore's playing." Check out the full feature here.

 

 

KEVIN LE GENDRE
JAZZWISE
"Indeed the audio landscape crafted by BlankFor.ms, Moran and Gilmore is one full of implied orchestral richness as well as the pinball interplay that defines the tradition of small group jazz." Read the full review here.

 

BARNEY WHITTAKER
PRESTO MUSIC
"Improvisatory polymath Jason Moran flexes his keyboard beyond its utmost extremities whilst conceptual sound artist BlankFor.ms interprets his stimuli through a lens of deep listening and degraded tape-loops." Check out the full review here.

 

LARRY BLUMENFIELD
TIDAL
“When we began the session,” Moran told me, “it was almost like listening to the piano through an underwater prism. Marcus is already an incredible musician to work with, but BlankFor.ms was almost like an active ghost, calling up enchantment.” Check out the full interview here.

 

PHILIP WATSON
THE WIRE
"“Inward, Curve” is the result of BlankFor.ms’s more structured approach: jazz drumbeats and acoustic piano patterns and improvisations are bent, shaped, processed and distorted by Tyler’s shape-shifting electronic feedback and effects." Check out the full article here.

 

OH JEONG-SU
MMJAZZ
Check out this review in Korean here.

 

DONN BENNETT
MODERN DRUMMER
"A mind-bending exploration and experimentation of sound." To read the full article click here.

 

BILL MEREY
THE WIRE
"Take "Little Known", which sounds like it aspires to be an alien landscape of feedback, prepared piano plunks and dirty beats, only to build to a climactic burst of glossy reverb" Check out the full article here.

 

GEORGE GRELLA
THE NEW YORY CITY JAZZ RECORD
"A dedication to modernism has made pianist Jason Moran one of the most important jazz musicians of the 21st century, and it’s right there in the title of his 2002 solo album, Modernistic. " Read the full review here.

 

PAT YOUNGSPIEL
ALL ABLOUT JAZZ
"Refract is another delightful entry in what appears to be a new canon of electroacoustic improvised music, emerging at red hook records." Read the full review here.

 

DAVE SUMNER
BANDCAMP
"The trio of pianist Jason Moran, electronic musician BlankFor.ms, and drummer Marcus Gilmore share a chameleonic bond, achieving a state where they retain their separate distinguishing characteristics even as they seamlessly blend into a trio." Read the full review here.

 

SIMON ADAMS
JAZZ JOURNAL
"Each composition served as a starting point, with spontaneity crucial in every take. In fact, the mystery of “what would come out” was the driving creative force behind the entire project." To read the full review here.

 

GEORGE W. HARRIS
JAZZ WEEKLY
"Then, there’s a 27 minute opus of the title tune that is a lesson in endurance of shrieks, cries and ruminations. " Read the full review here.

 

GEORGE GRELLA
KILL YR IDOLS
Check out this placement on the editors playlist here.

 

LUDOVICO GRANVASSU
ALL ABOUT JAZZ 
Check out the mention here.

 

NERI POLLASTRI
ALL ABOUT JAZZ 
"..."Tape Loop A" sounds like a reiterated children's song on which the drummer produces warm and resonating sounds;..." Check out the review in Italian here.

 

ENRICO BETTINELLO
GIORNALE DELLA MUSICA
"BlankFor.ms reveals itself as a formidable activator of possibilities for the trio: in fact not only its intuitions timbres and its loops release the spark that fuels the architecture of piano and drums, but, in a sort of continuous "refraction"" Read the full review in Italian here.

 

GEORGE VARGA
THE SAN DIEGO UNION TRIBUNE
Check out this feature on the editors best of 2023 list here.

 

JEROME WILSON
ALL ABOUT JAZZ
Check out this feature on the editor's playlist here.

 

TOM HAUGEN
TAKE EFFECT 
"A listen that’s as unpredictable as it is creative, the trio mesh spontaneously nabbed loops with very engaging and gripping piano and drums which cultivates a rare, distinct energy." Check out the full review here.